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Cross Country Piping
Satish Lele
lelepiping@gmail.com

This is a program for Skill Development and Bridging the Gap between Manual and Computer work. I offer Training of Basic Fundamentals and How to Use my Software to a batch of 5 to 10 people in your office. This can speed up Drawing work using my own Software, compared to conventional methods. This is a package, which can run on any CAD program and is very simple and easy to use. The package is given FREE of CHARGE to the company.

System drawings (PFDs and P&IDs)

Process Flow Drawing (PFD): A process flow diagram (PFD) is a diagram commonly used in chemical and process engineering to indicate the general flow of plant processes and equipment. The PFD displays the relationship between major equipment of a plant facility and does not show minor details such as piping details and designations.
A Process Flow Diagram (PFD) shows the relationships between the major components in the system. PFD also tabulate process design values for the components in different operating modes, typical minimum, normal and maximum. A PFD does not show minor components, piping systems, piping ratings and designations.

    Typically, process flow diagrams of a single unit process will include the following:
  • Major equipment items.
  • All equipment sizes with relevant MEB information as required.
  • All equipment names and numbers
  • Process piping.
  • All major process lines.
  • All major utility lines involving material flow.
  • All stream numbers, temperatures, pressures, flows.
  • Control valves and other major valves.
  • Connections with other systems.
  • Major bypass and recirculation streams.
  • Operational data (temperature, pressure, mass flow rate, density, etc.).
  • Process stream names.
    Conveys the major processing steps represented by the equipment:
  • Useful for conveying the heat and material balances.
  • Useful for conveying major pieces of equipment.
  • Useful for conveying processing conditions.
  • Useful for conveying utilities.
    The goal is to present the most amount of information with the least amount of effort on the part of the reader.
  • The flowsheet should generally flow from left to right.
  • The flowsheet should not be cluttered - use multiple sheets.
  • The flowsheet should be in landscape with the bound edge at top.
  • The equipment should be drawn in approximately relative size, e.g. towers larger than drums, exchangers larger than pumps etc.
  • The major towers and reactors are generally on one, or nearly one, level.
  • The reader should be able to follow it with his or her eye.
  • The streams should have the minimum of direction changes.
  • The streams that enter across the battery limits should be on the left.
  • The streams that leave across the battery limits should be on the right.
  • The streams that move to the next sheet should leave on the right.
  • The streams that recycle to earlier sheets should leave on the left.
    Process flow diagrams generally do not include:
  • Pipe classes or piping line numbers.
  • Process control instrumentation (sensors and final elements).
  • Minor bypass lines.
  • Isolation and shutoff valves.
  • Maintenance vents and drains.
  • Relief and safety valves.
  • Flanges.

Process flow diagrams are high levels drawings usually of multiple process systems within a large industrial plant and may be called block flow diagrams or schematic flow diagrams.


Process and Instrumentation Drawing (P&ID): The P&ID shows the interconnection of process equipment and the instrumentation used to control the process. In the process industry, a standard set of symbols is used to prepare P&ID drawings of processes. It is a diagram in the process industry which shows the piping of the process flow together with the installed equipment and instrumentation.
    For processing facilities, a P&ID is a pictorial representation of the following:
  • Key piping and instrument details.
  • Relationship between control instruments and process equipment.
  • Control and shutdown schemes.
  • Safety and regulatory requirements.
  • Basic start up and operational information.
  • Instrumentation and designations.
  • Mechanical equipment with names and numbers.
  • All valves and their identifications.
  • Process piping, sizes and identification.
  • Miscellanea -vents, drains, special fittings, sampling lines, reducers, increasers and swages.
  • Permanent start-up and flush lines.
  • Flow directions.
  • Interconnections references.
  • Control inputs and outputs, interlocks.
  • Interfaces for class changes.
  • Computer control system input.
  • Identification of components and subsystems delivered by others.
    What information can you get?:
  • For Equipment: Outline/Internals.
  • For Piping: Line No./Size/Material/Insulation/Line Configuration/Piping Component Type.
  • For Instrument: Tag No./Function/Control Method.
    P&ID is used for
  • Detail Engineering of each disciplines Piping layout / Material Purchase Instrument Logic / DCS Plan, etc.
  • Planning of Construction / Commissioning /Plant Operation / Maintenance

As a rule P&IDs do not have a drawing scale and present only the relationship or sequence between components. Just because two pieces of equipment are drawn next to each other does not indicate that in the plant the equipment is even in the same building; it is just the next part or piece of the system. These drawings only present information on how a system functions, not the actual physical relationships. Because P&IDs provide the most concise format for how a system should function, they are used extensively in the operation, repair, and modification of the plant.
P&IDs play a significant role in the maintenance and modification of the process that it describes. It is critical to demonstrate the physical sequence of equipment and systems, as well as how these systems connect. During the design stage, the diagram also provides the basis for the development of system control schemes, allowing for further safety and operational investigations, such as the hazard and operability study(HAZOP)

    Key Points:
  • Place equipment and its components.
  • Connect main piping.
  • Complete control valve loop.
  • Place other instrument and connect signals.
  • Indicate safety devices including alarm.
  • Place piping components (Valve / Fitting) as required.
  • Check detail and add items required including vent / drain connection
  • Identify and draw Piping and Instrument Diagram (P&ID) symbols frequently used for valves instruments and equipment.

  • Identify and draw isometric symbols used for screwed and butt welded fittings for piping systems.

  • Identify and draw pipe General Arrangement (GA) symbols that are used for piping general arrangement drawings.

  • Sketch single line piping isometric for the piping assembly spools.


VBA Program

Program for Drawing Process & Instrumentation Diagrams

Most CAD Packages are prepared in such a manner that these can be easily customized. 4 Programs of OpenPipe are such customized programs. The pi program is based on LISP and symbols or blocks are created as and when required and then inserted. Bill of Material is created by a VBA program, which creates a table in MS Excel. In case of valves, the pipe line is cut in that portion. Since blocks are created each time, there is a lot of saving of Disk space. Since the program is written in LISP, it can be even modify further. The different pipe lines are arranged on different layers. This is a menu driven program. Special Dialogue Boxes are created to make the program more user friendly.

To try the program, send a request for trial package. The package is a zip file, pi_demo.zip. There is no setup.exe file as in other packages. Download and unzip pi_demo.zip and copy files in a folder. While running AutoCAD program, click on tools ->Options (or Preferences) -> Files -> + of Support File Search Path -> Add -> Browse -> Select the folder. The pi_demo.zip file contains pi*.lsp, pi.dcl and pi.slb, pi.dwg (Border drawing). At command prompt run menuload command (Type menuload and press enter). A dialog box will open showing acad as current menu in menugroup tab. Click on browse near file name text box. Change folder to the folder where all program files are located and click on arrow of Files of Type box. Select Menu Template (*.mnu) and select pi or picon as menu to be loaded. Click on load button. Click yes to continue. Click on close. pi or picon menu will be loaded, and start using pull down menu. The pull-down menu, pi has all the pi drawing options. The other menu items are not modified.
Bought so far by 11 parties

Two different menus are available pi and picon.
  1. pi : We can select items through pull down menu
  2. picon : We can select items through pull down and then through icon menu

Pull Down Menu to Create Lines : The lines are arranged on different layers, and the layer name is same as line number. The line number is generally in format : Size-Service-Line Number-Spec. The existing lines are shown in the list box.

Pull Down Menu to Create Lines
Pull Down Menu to Create Lines
  1. New Line Number : We can add new lines to the box by typing in New Line Number and select add. New layer is created, and it is displayed in list box.
  2. Edit Line Number : To edit an existing line number, we select a line number from list box, enter a new line number and select edit line number. The old number in list box is replaced by new number.
  3. Delete Line Number : To delete an existing line number, we select a line number from list box, and it is deleted.
  4. Draw Line : We can draw lines on a particular layer using this option. For this we have to either select a line number from list box, or type in a new line number.

Pull Down Menu to insert Instruments : We can insert Instruments in the lines. We select an Instrument to be inserted. We are then asked to select where it is to be inserted.

FLOW INSTRUMENTS
Pull Down Menu to insert Flow Instruments
OR
Pull Down Menu to insert Flow Instruments
Pull Down Menu to insert Flow Instruments by Icons

PANEL INSTRUMENTS
Pull Down Menu to insert Panel Instruments
OR
Pull Down Menu to insert Panel Instruments
Pull Down Menu to insert Panel Instruments by Icons

SAFETY INSTRUMENTS
Pull Down Menu to insert Safety Instruments
OR
Pull Down Menu to insert Safety Instruments
Pull Down Menu to insert Safety Instruments by Icons

CONTROL INSTRUMENTS
Pull Down Menu to insert Control Instruments
OR
Pull Down Menu to insert Control Instruments
Pull Down Menu to insert Control Instruments by Icons
Pull Down Menu to insert Control Instruments by Icons


Pull Down Menu to insert valves : To insert a valve in a line, we select a valve to be inserted. We are then asked to select a line at left insertion point on that line. The line is cut and valve is inserted in the line. Valve is put on the layer of the line.

COMMON VALVES
Pull Down Menu to insert Common valves
AND
Pull Down Menu to insert Common valves
OR
Pull Down Menu to insert Commomn valves by Icons
Pull Down Menu to insert Commomn valves by Icons

UNCOMMON VALVES
Pull Down Menu to insert Uncommon valves
AND
Pull Down Menu to insert Uncommon valves
OR
Pull Down Menu to insert Uncommomn valves by Icons

SPECIAL VALVES
Pull Down Menu to insert Special valves
AND
Pull Down Menu to insert Special valves
OR
Pull Down Menu to insert Special valves by Icons

PISTON OPERATED VALVES
Pull Down Menu to insert Piston Operated valves
AND
Pull Down Menu to insert Piston Operated valves
OR
Pull Down Menu to insert Piston Operated valves by Icons
Pull Down Menu to insert Piston Operated valves by Icons

JACKETED VALVES
Pull Down Menu to insert Jacketed valves valves
AND
Pull Down Menu to insert Jacketed valves
OR
Pull Down Menu to insert Jacketed valves by Icons
Pull Down Menu to insert Jacketed valves by Icons

MOTORIZED VALVES
Pull Down Menu to insert Motorized valves
AND
Pull Down Menu to insert Motorized valves
OR
Pull Down Menu to insert Motorized valves by Icons
Pull Down Menu to insert Motorized valves by Icons


EQUIPMENTS
Pull Down Menu to insert Equipments
REACTORS
Pull Down Menu to insert Reactors
OR
Pull Down Menu to insert Reactors by Icons
Pull Down Menu to insert Reactors by Icons

PUMPS
Pull Down Menu to insert Pumps
OR
Pull Down Menu to insert Pumps by Icons

COMPRESSORS
Pull Down Menu to insert Compressors
OR
Pull Down Menu to insert Compressors by Icons

FEEDERS
Pull Down Menu to insert Feeders
OR
Pull Down Menu to insert Feeders by Icons

HEAT EXCHANGERS
Pull Down Menu to insert Heat Exchangers
OR
Pull Down Menu to insert Heat Exchangers by Icons
Pull Down Menu to insert Heat Exchangers by Icons

TOWERS / COLUMNS
Pull Down Menu to insert Column / Towers
OR
Pull Down Menu to insert Colums / Towers by Icons

TANKS
Pull Down Menu to insert Tanks
OR
Pull Down Menu to insert Tanks by Icons
Pull Down Menu to insert Tanks by Icons

DRIVES
Pull Down Menu to insert Drives
OR
Pull Down Menu to insert Drives by Icons

MISCELLANEOUS EQUIPMENTS
Pull Down Menu to insert Misceleneous Equipments
OR
Pull Down Menu to insert Misceleneous Equipments by Icons
Pull Down Menu to insert Misceleneous Equipments by Icons


Pull Down Menu to insert Steam Fittings : We can insert Steam Fittings in the drawing. We select a Steam Fittings to be inserted. We are then asked to select a line at left insertion point where it is to be inserted. Steam Fittings is put on the layer of the line.

Pull Down Menu to insert Steam Fittings
OR
Pull Down Menu to insert Steam Fittings by Icons
Pull Down Menu to insert Steam Fittings by Icons


Pull Down Menu to insert Pipe Fittings : We can insert Pipe Fittings in the drawing. We select a Pipe Fitting to be inserted. We are then asked to select a line at left insertion point where it is to be inserted. Pipe Fitting is put on the layer of the line.

Pull Down Menu to insert Pipe Fittings
OR
Pull Down Menu to insert Pipe Fittings by Icons
Pull Down Menu to insert Pipe Fittings by Icons
Pull Down Menu to insert Pipe Fittings by IconsPull Down Menu to insert Pipe Fittings by Icons
Pull Down Menu to insert Pipe Fittings by Icons


Pull Down Menu to insert Strainers : We can insert strainers in the drawing. We select a strainer to be inserted. We are then asked to select a line at left insertion point where it is to be inserted. Strainer is put on the layer of the line.

Pull Down Menu to insert Strainers
OR
Pull Down Menu to insert Strainers by Icons
Pull Down Menu to insert Strainers by Icons Pull Down Menu to insert Strainers by Icons
Pull Down Menu to insert Strainers by Icons


Trial programs are full scale programs without option to insert Valves.
to Download trial program
OR
to Request Trial Program.
To Buy the package for details.

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